from S.  Chatibi et al, presented in DoMEsTIc Final Seminar,

The ecosystem of argan forest has an important socio-economic role, through its multiple uses. As a forest, for the production of wood, the contribution to the biodiversity and ecological functions, and in the agricultural context by producing the argan fruits, a resource for the production of argan oil, a very valuable oil, but also for the soil cultures (mainly cereals). The ecosystem is also a large pastoral land, suitable for the extensive farming of goats, as it offers a variety of spontaneous vegetation.
The local stakeholders initiated a project for the valorization of the goat of the argan forest. ANOC (Association Nationale des Eleveurs d’Ovins et de Caprins) was  responsible for the project and was supported by the Provincial Administration of Agriculture (DPA d’Essaouira).

The arguments against the labeling project mainly referred to the damages that the goats could make to the trees or the dangers of overgrazing through the increase of goat numbers because of the add-value that the project may bring.
The actions taken towards solving these tensions included meetings between the different parties (both opponents and those responsible for the dossier of the label), local stakeholders, scientists and a global forum with all involved parties.
For the points of discussion, specific solutions were proposed:

1. Start with a restricted geographic region that would be easy to manage
2. Establish a local group of farmers that will manage the project
3. The denomination should be also restricted to the specific area
4. Introduce pasture management rules to attain the equilibrium of the system

In addition, the process followed helped to recognize the weaknesses of the initial proposal, and to reinforce the dynamics of the project, by developing the scientific knowledge, involving researchers from different domains, and by proceeding to more in-depth studies in the specific area etc.


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